EUROPE

Internationanl Bioenergy Resource Links

The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) brings together public, private and civil society stakeholders in a joint commitment to promote bioenergy for sustainable development.

The Partnership builds its activities upon three strategic pillars: Energy Security - Food Security - Sustainable Development.

Web:
www.globalbioenergy.org


European Biomass Industry Association

EUBIA, the European Biomass Industry Association, was established in 1996 as an international non profit association in Brussels, Belgium.

It groups together market forces, technology providers, and knowledge centres, all of them active in the field of biomass.

Our main objective is to support the European biomass industries at all levels, promoting the use of biomass as an energy source, developing innovative bioenergy concepts and fostering international co-operation within the bioenergy field.

EUBIA has a permanent office at the Renewable Energy House with meeting rooms and facilities available for EUBIA members.

The office is at walking distance from the European Parliament and the European Commission.

Web site: EUBIA

EUBIA Contact Information

 

 

Wood Pellets in Europe: State of the Art, Technologies, Activities, Markets

This report offers an overview about some key activities on increasing the market share of pellet technology, especially in Sweden, Norway, Germany and Austria.

Read the report . . .






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Amid Volatile Oil Prices, OECD Report Calls
for Policy Changes to Promote Biomass

Plants and animal waste could become viable alternatives to fossil fuels in providing energy and materials if governments changed strategies, according to a report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD).

While first issued in 2004, this 500-page plus report still offers a very detailed overview and rationale on pursuing and promoting the growth in biomass energy and biorefineries. For example:

Instead of offering financial incentives or subsidies to stimulate the use of such organic material, known as “biomass”, governments should encourage technical innovation as a way of narrowing the price gap with oil and gas products. This would stimulate demand and boost the supply of bioproducts.

Indeed, the recent volatility in oil prices has underlined the potential increased cost competitiveness of energy and raw materials produced from biomass.

The report considers that financial incentives for bio-products, currently used in many countries, should be avoided as they distort markets and lead to a long term dependency on subsidies.

Agriculture as a whole is under pressure to reduce overall support levels and establish carefully targeted policies and market-based approaches. Similarly, the report argues against subsidies favouring the use of fossil fuels.

According to the report, long-term strategies should be developed that recognise the potential of local resources and encourage the establishment of bio-refineries to recycle a range of farm by-products in addition to using grains, oilseeds and sugar.

Such complexes would be capable of producing both energy and materials derived not only from annual crops but also grass, short rotation trees, cereal straws and other by-products.

The report, Biomass and agriculture: sustainability, markets and policies, comprising a series of papers presented by international experts, argues that a significant shift could take place this century from a fossil fuel to a biomass-based economy.

To aid this process it suggests creating carbon markets which would provide credits to biomass producers for displacing fossil fuels.
The report also reveals that:

  1. The prices of some niche market bioproducts such as plastics derived from arable crops are already competitive with certain petroleum-based plastics. The car industry, for example, is making increasing use of bioplastics.

  2. Around 7% of heat generation and 1% of total electricity in OECD countries is provided by agricultural bioenergy. In developing countries an estimated 25% of total energy demand is met by biomass, principally in the form of firewood and animal dung.

  3. Because bioethanol, produced from sugar and grains, can be used in existing engines with little modification, it is easier to exploit than other alternative transportation fuels such as hydrogen.

The report calls for international standards and codes of practice to be established for biomass products to ensure that greenhouse gas emissions are reduced and environmental benefits are maximised.

A better assessment of costs and benefits taking into account economic, environmental and social aspects is therefore needed. It adds that clear lines of communication should be established between the suppliers, processors and potential users. Also, public education campaigns about the biomass sector should be developed.

READ THE FULL REPORT AT (5.1 MB pdf file): Biomass and agriculture: sustainability, markets and policies




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